Léa MARCHAL, Clément NEDONCELLE
Immigrants, Occupations and Firm Export Performance
(2019) Review of International Economics
TRAMCEF project – TRAvailleurs Migrants et Comportement d’Exportation des Firmes
PACaPe project – Politiques migratoire et d’Accueil, Capital humain et Performances économiques
Paper & online appendix ~ Kiel Working Paper ~ Royal Economic Society Media Briefings
Léa MARCHAL, Holger GÖRG
Die Effekte deutscher Direktinvestitionen im Empfängerland vor dem Hintergrund des Leistungsbilanzüberschusses : Empirische Evidenz mit Mikrodaten für Frankreich
(2019) Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik
Paper ~ Kiel pre-publication brief
Rezart HOXHAJ, Léa MARCHAL, Adnan SERIC
FDI and Migration of Skilled Workers towards Developing Countries: Firm-level Evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa
(2016) Journal of African Economies
Paper ~ EQUIPPE Working Paper
WORK IN PROGRESS
When Immigrants Meet Exporters: A Reassessment of the Immigrant Wage Gap
Leibniz-Wettbewerb 2016 project – Worker Flows, Match Quality and Productivity.
Abstract: This paper investigates whether immigrants employed by exporting firms earn a wage premium that could compensate the wage discount they face on the labour market. I build a heterogeneous firm model with worker heterogeneity and search frictions showing that immigrants face a higher search cost on the labor market than natives which depresses their wages. This disadvantage may however be (over-)compensated by the informational rent they retrieve in certain types of firms such as exporters. Using French employer-employee data from 2005 to 2012 for the manufacturing sector and a wage decomposition method, I find that immigrants do earn less than natives in non-exporting firms. Moreover, the immigrant wage gap is not significant in exporting firms which indicates the presence of an informational rent. I then provide a number a suggestive evidence for the two aforementioned channels.
Léa MARCHAL, Claire NAIDITCH, Betül SIMSEK
How Aid Impacts Migration Flows once again
Abstract: This paper analyses how development aid impacts bilateral migration flows. We build a random utility maximization model of migration and derive a gravity model describing the relationship between bilateral migration and aid. We estimate this model using an IV-2SLS strategy and a shift-share instrument based on the geographical and sectoral distributions of aid observed at the beginning of the period. Using the DEMIG C2C and AidData datasets from 1996 to 2010, we find that aid from a donor country to a recipient country has overall a positive impact on the reverse migration rate. We also find that total aid has a negative impact on migration. We test the transmission channels that can be at play and find evidence for an information channel.
Léa MARCHAL, Lenka WILDNEROVA
Foreign Workers and Exports: Exploring a Reverse Causality Bias
ifoCEMIR-CESifo Working Paper
Abstract: This paper analyses to what extent French manufacturing firms adjust their employment of immigrant workers in response to foreign demand fluctuations. To allow for causal inference, we use a foreign demand proxy that reacts to macro-economic fluctuations in the firm’s export destinations, but that is exogenous to its employment decisions. Using administrative data on French manufacturing firms from 2005 to 2015, we find that exporters facing an increase in foreign demand hire more immigrant workers, especially immigrants under permanent contracts. We also find that firms employ immigrants because these workers relax informational barriers.
Giulia SABBADINI, Léa MARCHAL (both authors contribute equally to this work)
Import Competition, Firms’ Performance and Immigrant Workers
ANR-DFG project: NaWaCC
Abstract: This paper investigates the impact of Chinese import competition on firms’ sales over time, depending on their employment of immigrant workers. Using a sample of French manufacturing firms from 1994 to 2015 and an IV-2SLS strategy relying on a shift-share instrument, we find that an increase in Chinese import competition faced by firms on an industry-destination market has a negative effect on both firms’ survival probability and growth rate on that market. At both margins, the effect is mitigated by the employment of immigrant workers. Finally, we provide evidence of the channels through which immigrants help firms’ to face changes in import competition. In particular, we establish that these workers allow firms to adapt their technology over time.