PUBLICATIONS

Léa MARCHAL, Claire NAIDITCH
How Borrowing Constraints Hinder Migration: Theoretical Insights from a RUM Model
(2020) Scandinavian Journal of Economics
Paper & online appendixKiel Working Paper

Léa MARCHAL, Clément NEDONCELLE
Immigrants, Occupations and Firm Export Performance
(2019) Review of International Economics
TRAMCEF project – TRAvailleurs Migrants et Comportement d’Exportation des Firmes
PACaPe project – Politiques migratoire et d’Accueil, Capital humain et Performances économiques
NaWaCC project – How Immigration Impacts Natives’ Wages: Investigating Cross-Country Differences
Paper & online appendix ~ Kiel Working Paper ~ Royal Economic Society Media Briefings

Léa MARCHAL, Holger GÖRG
Die Effekte deutscher Direktinvestitionen im Empfängerland vor dem Hintergrund des Leistungsbilanzüberschusses : Empirische Evidenz mit Mikrodaten für Frankreich
(2019) Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik
Paper ~ Kiel pre-publication brief

Rezart HOXHAJ, Léa MARCHAL, Adnan SERIC
FDI and Migration of Skilled Workers towards Developing Countries: Firm-level Evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa
(2016) Journal of African Economies
Paper ~ EQUIPPE Working Paper

Hubert JAYET, Léa MARCHAL
Migration and FDI: Reconciling the Standard Trade Theory with Empirical Evidence
(2016) Economic Modelling
Paper ~ Kiel Working Paper ~ EQUIPPE Working Paper

 

WORK IN PROGRESS

Léa MARCHAL, Claire NAIDITCH, Betül SIMSEK
How Aid Impacts Migration Flows Once Again
Abstract: To assess the impact of aid on bilateral migration, we build a RUM model of migration from which we derive a gravity model. We estimate this model using an IV-2SLS strategy and the DEMIG-C2C and AidData datasets from 1973 to 2010. We find that aid from a donor country to a recipient country has a positive impact on the reverse migration rate.Introducing multilateral aid in the model, we find strong evidence that an information channel is at play and larger for the poorest countries. Finally, we only find weak evidence that a development channel is a play.
LEM Working Paper

Léa MARCHAL, Giulia SABBADINI
Immigrant Workers, Firm Export Performance and Import Competition
ANR-DFG project: NaWaCC
Abstract: This paper investigates whether the employment of immigrant workers affects the performance of firms in their export markets when they are facing an increase in import competition. Exploiting the surge of Chinese imports following its accession to the World Trade Organization and using a sample of French manufacturing exporters from 2002 to 2015, we find that an increase in the growth rate of Chinese imports in a market has a negative effect on both the survival probability of firms and the growth rate of sales on that market. This negative effect on firm performance is mitigated by the employment of immigrant workers. We provide evidence that this mitigation effect is partly due to the positive effect that immigrants have on the productivity of their employing firm.
Mimeo (latest version) ~ Bielefeld Working Paper

Léa MARCHAL, Giulia SABBADINI
When Immigrants Meet Exporters: A Reassessment of the Immigrant Wage Gap
Leibniz-Wettbewerb 2016 project – Worker Flows, Match Quality and Productivity.
Abstract: This paper studies the relationship between firm export activity and the immigrant-native wage gap. To do so, we use French employer-employee data from 2005 to 2012 for the manufacturing sector which allows one to follow employees over time. In line with previous evidence, we find that exporters pay higher wages and that immigrants earn less than natives. New to this literature, we find that the wage discount of immigrant workers is lower for exporters, and that this result is driven by workers employed in white-collar positions. This finding is consistent with the hypothesis that immigrant workers capture an informational rent because they provide exporters with valuable information to access distant and complex foreign markets. We provide evidence for this mechanism by studying how the wage discount of immigrants varies with the complexity of the export activity of the firm approximated by the number of products, the number of destinations and the number of product-destination served by the firm.

Léa MARCHAL, Lenka WILDNEROVA
Foreign Workers and Exports: Exploring a Reverse Causality Bias
Abstract: This paper analyses to what extent French manufacturing firms adjust their employment of immigrant workers in response to foreign demand fluctuations. To allow for causal inference, we use a foreign demand proxy that reacts to macro-economic fluctuations in the firm’s export destinations, but that is exogenous to its employment decisions. Using administrative data on French manufacturing firms from 2005 to 2015, we find that exporters facing an increase in foreign demand hire more immigrant workers, especially immigrants under permanent contracts. We also find that firms employ immigrants because these workers relax informational barriers.