PUBLICATIONS

Léa MARCHAL, Claire NAIDITCH
How Borrowing Constraints Hinder Migration: Theoretical Insights from a RUM Model
(2020) Scandinavian Journal of Economics
Paper & online appendixKiel Working Paper

Léa MARCHAL, Clément NEDONCELLE
Immigrants, Occupations and Firm Export Performance
(2019) Review of International Economics
TRAMCEF project – TRAvailleurs Migrants et Comportement d’Exportation des Firmes
PACaPe project – Politiques migratoire et d’Accueil, Capital humain et Performances économiques
NaWaCC project – How Immigration Impacts Natives’ Wages: Investigating Cross-Country Differences
Paper & online appendix ~ Kiel Working Paper ~ Royal Economic Society Media Briefings

Léa MARCHAL, Holger GÖRG
Die Effekte deutscher Direktinvestitionen im Empfängerland vor dem Hintergrund des Leistungsbilanzüberschusses : Empirische Evidenz mit Mikrodaten für Frankreich
(2019) Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik
Paper ~ Kiel pre-publication brief

Rezart HOXHAJ, Léa MARCHAL, Adnan SERIC
FDI and Migration of Skilled Workers towards Developing Countries: Firm-level Evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa
(2016) Journal of African Economies
Paper ~ EQUIPPE Working Paper

Hubert JAYET, Léa MARCHAL
Migration and FDI: Reconciling the Standard Trade Theory with Empirical Evidence
(2016) Economic Modelling
Paper ~ Kiel Working Paper ~ EQUIPPE Working Paper

 

WORK IN PROGRESS

Léa MARCHAL, Claire NAIDITCH, Betül SIMSEK
How Aid Impacts Migration Flows Once Again Submitted !
Abstract: While some papers find that aid decreases migration, others point to the opposite result. This tension in the literature may be explained by the absence of a well-suited theoretical framework to analyse the channels through which aid effectively affects migration. To address this tension, we build a random utility maximisation model of migration from which we derive a gravity model describing the relationship between bilateral migration and aid. We estimate this model using an IV-2SLS strategy and a shift-share instrument based on the sectoral distribution of aid observed at the beginning of the period. Using the DEMIG C2C and AidData datasets from 2000 to 2010, we find that aid from a donor country to a recipient country has a positive impact on the reverse migration rate. We then test the transmission channels that can be at play and find strong evidence that an information channel is at play and that this channel is larger for the poorest countries. Finally, studying the impact of multilateral aid, we only find weak evidence that a development channel is at play.
LEM Working Paper

Léa MARCHAL, Giulia SABBADINI
Import Competition, Firms’ Performance and Immigrant Workers Job market paper
ANR-DFG project: NaWaCC
Abstract: This paper investigates the impact of Chinese import competition on firms’ performance,and whether firms employing immigrant workers face this shock differently. Using a sample of French manufacturing firms from 1994 to 2015 and an IV-2SLS strategy relying on a shift-share instrument, we find that an increase in Chinese import competition faced by firms on an industry-destination market has a negative effect on both firms’ survival probability and sales growth rate on that market. At both margins, the effect is mitigated by the employment of immigrant workers. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first paper that investigates whether firms’ immigrant employment helps to understand firms’ heterogeneous responses to trade shocks.
Mimeo (latest version) ~ Bielefeld Working Paper

Léa MARCHAL, Giulia SABBADINI
When Immigrants Meet Exporters: A Reassessment of the Immigrant Wage Gap
Leibniz-Wettbewerb 2016 project – Worker Flows, Match Quality and Productivity.
Abstract: This paper investigates whether immigrants employed by exporting firms earn a wage premium that could compensate the wage discount they face on the labour market. I build a heterogeneous firm model with worker heterogeneity and search frictions showing that immigrants face a higher search cost on the labor market than natives which depresses their wages. This disadvantage may however be (over-)compensated by the informational rent they retrieve in certain types of firms such as exporters. Using French employer-employee data from 2005 to 2012 for the manufacturing sector and a wage decomposition method, I find that immigrants do earn less than natives in non-exporting firms. Moreover, the immigrant wage gap is not significant in exporting firms which indicates the presence of an informational rent. I then provide a number a suggestive evidence for the two aforementioned channels.

Léa MARCHAL, Lenka WILDNEROVA
Foreign Workers and Exports: Exploring a Reverse Causality Bias
Abstract: This paper analyses to what extent French manufacturing firms adjust their employment of immigrant workers in response to foreign demand fluctuations. To allow for causal inference, we use a foreign demand proxy that reacts to macro-economic fluctuations in the firm’s export destinations, but that is exogenous to its employment decisions. Using administrative data on French manufacturing firms from 2005 to 2015, we find that exporters facing an increase in foreign demand hire more immigrant workers, especially immigrants under permanent contracts. We also find that firms employ immigrants because these workers relax informational barriers.